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Our study aimed at the identification of the determinants of obstetrical violence and the understanding of the way the new mother perceived the care given to them during that delicate stage of their lives in that maternity. The place of study was chosen because it is a place that receives a lot of students (physician, midwives, nurse, etc) and is a referral hospital. We realised a quantitative analysis from the data collected among the 30 health workers and a qualitative analysis from the data collected through the 18 observations (done with the RMC chart) and the 7 interviews conducted with the new mothers. From the results we discovered that institutional determinants are the first impacting the manifestation of obstetrical violence but we also have psychological, sociocultural and educational determinants. In a context like ours, it is almost taboo to talk about this topic.